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The Caldecott Medal has been awarded yearly since 1938 by the Association for Library Service for Children. Named in honor of eighteenth century English artist Randolph Caldecott, it is awarded to the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children.
The criteria define a picture book for children as "one that essentially provides the child with a visual experience. A picture book has a collective unity of story-line, theme, or concept, developed through the series of pictures of which the book is comprised."
The ALSC also sometimes recognizes other books. These books are termed Caldecott Honor Books.